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    2019年6月大学英语六级仔细阅读练习题(2)

    2019-05-23 14:12

    来源:新东方在线

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      Questions 56 to 60 are based on the followingpassage.

      They're still kids, and although there's a lot thatthe experts don't yet know about them, one thingthey do agree on is that what kids use and expectfrom their world has changed rapidly. And it's allbecause of technology.

      To the psychologists, sociologists, and generational and media experts who study them,their digital gear sets this new group apart, even from their tech-savvy (懂技术的) Millennialelders. They want to be constantly connected and available in a way even their older siblingsdon't quite get. These differences may appear slight, but they signal an all-encompassingsensibility that some say marks the dawning of a new generation.

      The contrast between Millennials and this younger group was so evident to psychologistLarry Rosen of California State University that he has declared the birth of a new generation in anew book, Rewired: Understanding the ingeneration and the Way They Learn, out next month.Rosen says the tech-dominated life experience of those born since the early 1990s is sodifferent from the Millennials he wrote about in his 2007 book, Me, MySpace and I: Parenting theNet Generation, that they warrant the distinction of a new generation, which he has dubbedthe "ingeneration".

      "The technology is the easiest way to see it, but it's also a mind-set, and the mind-set goeswith the little ‘i', which I'm talking to stand for 'individualized'," Rosen says. "Everything isdefined and individualized to ‘me'. My music choices are defined to ' me'. What I watch onTV any instant is defined to ‘me'. " He says the iGeneration includes today's teens and middle-school ers, but it's too soon to tell about elementary-school ages and younger.

      Rosen says the iGeneration believes anything is possible. "If they can think of it, somebodyprobably has or will invent it," he says. "They expect innovation."

      They have high expectations that whatever they want or can use "will be able to be tailoredto their own needs and wishes and desires."

      Rosen says portability is key. They are inseparable from their wireless devices, which allowthem to text as well as talk, so they can be constantly connected-even in class, where cellphones are supposedly banned.

      Many researchers are trying t6 determine whether technology somehow causes the brainsof young people to be wired differently. "They should be distracted and should perform morepoorly than they do," Rosen says. "But findings show teens survive distractions much betterthan we would predict by their age and their brain development. "

      Because these kids are more immersed and at younger ages, Rosen says, the educationalsystem has to change significantly.

      "The growth curve on the use of technology with children is exponential(指数的), and werun the risk of being out of step with this generation as far as how they learn and how theythink," Rosen says.

      "We have to give them options because they want their world individualized. "

      56. Compared with their Millennial elders, the iGeneration kids

      A.communicate with others by high-tech methods continually

      B.prefer to live a virtual life than a real one

      C.are equipped with more modem digital techniques

      D.know more on technology than their elders

      57. Why did Larry Rosen name the new generation as iGeneration?

      A.Because this generation is featured by the use of personal high-tech devices.

      B.Because this generation stresses on an individualized style of life.

      C.Because it is the author himself who has discovered the new generation.

      D.Because it's a mind-set generation instead of an age-set one.

      58. Which of the following is true about the iGeneration according to Rosen?

      A.This generation is crazy about inventing and creating new things.

      B.Everything must be adapted to the peculiar need of the generation.

      C.This generation catches up with the development of technology.

      D.High-tech such as wireless devices goes with the generation.

      59. Rosen's findings suggest that technology

      A.has an obvious effect on the function of iGeneration's brain development

      B.has greatly affected the iGeneration's behaviors and academic performance

      C.has no significantly negative effect on iGeneration's mental and intellectualdevelopment

      D.has caused distraction problems on iGeneration which affect their daily performance

      60. According to the passage, education has to __

      A.adapt its system to the need of the new generation

      B.use more technologies to cater for the iGeneration

      C.risk its system to certain extent for the iGeneration

      D.be conducted online for iGeneration's individualized need

      参考答案

      56.A)。本题考查“自我的一代” “千禧年一代”的区别。由定位句可知,“自我的一代”与他们的千禧年一代的哥哥姐姐们相比,更愿意持续不断地与他人保持联系,也希望随时能让别人找得到他们。由此可推断,他们愿意通过高科技手段与他人随时保持联系,因此A)是本题答案。

      57.B)。本题考查罗森将新的一代命名为“自我的一代”的原因。该段前两句引述拉里罗森介绍“自我的一代”的话,点明了这代人的特点,即高科技是这代人的典型特征,它也是种心态,这种心态随 “小我”而变化,即“个性化”也是鲜明特点,表现为每件事都为“我”而定制,或每件事都被赋予个性化特征。 由此可见,这代人强调个性化的生活,因此B)是本题答案。

      58.D)。本题考查关于“自我的一代”的论述哪项是正确的。由该段可知,对这代人而言,便携是关键。他们离不开无线装备,那些东西可使他们发短信或聊天,可以时刻与他人保持联系。由此可见。这一代人离不开无线高科技产品,因此D)是本题答案。

      59.C)。本题考查科技对“自我的一代”的影响。由定位句可知,他们本来应该受到干扰,表现应该糟糕.但研究结果表明这些十来岁的孩子比我们通过年龄和大脑发育而做出的预测要有更强的抗干扰能力。由此可推断,科技并没有对他们的心智发展产生明显的负面影响,因此C)是本题答案。

      60.A)。由该段可知,由于这代孩子在年幼时便深浸于科技之中,那么教育制度也要随之进行 显著改变。由此可推断,教育制度也应适应这代人,因此A)是本题答案。

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