• 新东方国际游学

    新东方网>长春新东方学校>国内考试>四级>正文

    2019年6月大学英语四级阅读200篇第29篇:抚养孩子

    2019-04-08 09:53

    来源:新东方在线

    作者:

      It’s no secret that many children would be healthier and happier with adoptive parents than with the parents that nature dealt them. That’s especially true of children who remain in abusive homes because the law blindly favors biological parents. It’s also true of children who suffer for years in foster homes (收养孩子的家庭) because of parents who can’t or won’t care for them but refuse to give up custody (监护)rights.

      Fourteen-year-old Kimberly Mays fits neither description, but her recent court victory could eventually help children who do. Kimberly has been the object of an angry custody baffle between the man who raised herand her biological parents, with whom she has never lived. A Florida judge ruled that the teenager can remain with the only father she’s ever known and that her biological parents have "no legal claim" on her.The ruling, though it may yet be reversed, sets aside the principle that biology is the primary determinant of parentage. That’s an important development, one that’s long overdue.

      Shortly after birth in December 1978, Kimberly Mays and another infant were mistakenly switched and sent home with the wrong parents. Kimberly’s biological parents, Ernest and Regina Twigg, received a child who died of a heart disease in 1988. Medical tests showed that the child wasn’t the Twiggs’ own daughter, but Kimt only was, thus sparking a custody battle with Robert Mays. In 1989, the two families agreed that Mr.Mays would maintain custody with the Twiggs getting visiting fights. Those rights were ended when Mr. Mays decided that Kimberly was being harmed.

      The decision to leave Kimberly with Mr. Mays rendered her suit debated. But the judge made clear that Kimberly did have standing to sue ( 起诉) on her own behalf. Thus he made clear that she was more than just property to be handled as adults saw fit.

      Certainly, the biological link between parent and child is fundamental. But biological parents aren’t always preferable to adoptive ones, and biological parentage does not convey an absolute ownership that cancels all the rights of children.

      练习题:

      Choose correct answers to the question:

      1. What was the primary consideration in the Florida judge’s ruling?

      A. The biological link.

      B. The child’s benefits.

      C.The traditional practice.

      D. The parents’ feelings.

      2. We can learn from the Kimberly case that

      A. children are more than just personal possessions of their parents

      B. the biological link between parent and child should be emphasized

      C. foster homes bring children more pain and suffering than care

      D. biological parents shouldn’t claim custody rights after their child is adopted

      3. The Twiggs claimed custody rights to Kimberly because

      A. they found her unhappy in Mr. Mays’ custody

      B. they regarded her as their property

      C. they were her biological parents

      D. they felt guilty about their past mistake

      4. Kimberly had been given to Mr. Mays

      A. by sheer accident

      B. out of charity

      C. at his request

      D. for better care

      5. The author’s attitude towards the judge’s ruling could be described as

      A. doubtful

      B. Critical

      C. cautious

      D. supportive

      1.[B] 推理判断题。根据第2段最后一句“女孩被判给她认识的父亲,即养父,而非生父”以及全文的最后一句中all the rights of children,可以推断,该判决是从孩子本身的利益出发的,故选B而排除A。

      2.[A] 事实细节题。根据倒数第2段最后一句“金伯莉不仅仅是大人们觉得合适就可以随意处置的“财产”可知a与该句相符,其中的personal possessions为原文中property的同义表达。

      3.[C] 事实细节题。第4段第2、3句指出“金伯莉的亲生父母,欧内斯特和里贾纳·特维格,......医学测试显示……金伯莉才是他们的孩子,从而引发了特维格夫妇与罗伯特·梅斯之间的监护权争讼案”,由此可知,C与之相符。

      4.[A] 事实细节题。第4段第1句提到,金伯莉·梅斯与另一名婴儿被阴差阳错地调换了,她们跟着不是自己亲生父母的人一起回了家,由此可知A正确。

      5.[D] 观点态度题。在最后一段作者用But转折句说明自己的观点,即“但生身父母并不总是比养父母更合适”,可见作者是支持法官将金伯莉判给其养父的。

           以上就是本文的全部内容,更多精彩请随时关注新东方长春学校官网。


    相关推荐

    四级资讯

    四六级课程导航

    四级课程表

    四级内容咨询

    新东方长春学校官方微信:新东方长春学校 (微信号:ccxdfcn

    最新考试资讯、考试政策解读、真题解析,请扫一扫二维码,关注我们的官方微信!

    相关推荐

    • 中学辅导
    • 大学辅导
    • 出国辅导
    • 热门活动

    版权及免责声明

    凡本网注明"稿件来源:新东方"的所有文字、图片和音视频稿件,版权均属新东方教育科技集团(含本网和新东方网) 所有,任何媒体、网站或个人未经本网协议授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他任何方式复制、发表。已经本网协议授权的媒体、网站,在下载使用时必须注明"稿件来源:新东方",违者本网将依法追究法律责任。

    本网未注明"稿件来源:新东方"的文/图等稿件均为转载稿,本网转载仅基于传递更多信息之目的,并不意味着赞同转载稿的观点或证实其内容的真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人从本网下载使用,必须保留本网注明的"稿件来源",并自负版权等法律责任。如擅自篡改为"稿件来源:新东方",本网将依法追究法律责任。

    如本网转载稿涉及版权等问题,请作者见稿后在两周内速来电与新东方网联系,电话:010-60908555。

    福彩23选5是真是假_体彩6+1哪个好-浙江体彩31选7什么意思 阿什利科尔退役| 刘亦菲| 北极冰芯现塑料| 终极一班| 神马| 汉尼拔| 天下第九| 女人我最大| 亲爱的热爱的| 蔻驰不再索赔刘雯|